Knee Replacement Surgeon Questions and Answers
Knee replacement surgery will help you get back to living life again. Talk to the experienced orthopedic surgeon today at The Spine and Orthopedic Institute, St. Vincent Charity Medical Center about knee replacement surgery and its benefits. Call us or schedule an appointment online. We are conveniently located at 5020 Victor Drive Medina, OH 44256.
What is knee replacement surgery?
Knee replacement surgery (knee arthroplasty), relieves pain and restores function in severely diseased knee joints. An orthopedic surgeon removes damaged bone and cartilage from the kneecap, then replaces it with an artificial joint (prosthesis), made of high-grade plastics and polymers and metal alloys.
How is a total knee replacement performed?
The surgical team will decide along with your input and preference, whether to use general anesthesia, where you’ll be unconscious, or a spinal anesthesia, where you’ll be awake, but you will feel no pain from your waist down. The surgeon then removes damaged bone and cartilage from the knee, and then attaches metal implants to the ends of the calf bones and the thigh. A plastic spacer is placed between the metal pieces, which helps the new joint move smoothly. The full knee replacement surgery commonly takes 1 to 2 hours. Before, during and after the procedure, you will be given an intravenous antibiotic in order to help prevent any post-surgical infection. You may also receive a nerve block around your knee which will numb it. The numbness gradually wears off after the procedure. Your knee will be in a bent position during the procedure to expose all surfaces of the joint. Your surgeon will then prepare the joint surfaces, and attach the artificial joint. The surgeon bends and rotates your knee, to ensure proper function before closing the incision. You’ll be taken to a recovery room for one to two hours after your surgery. Most of the time people can go home that same day, and are prescribed medications to help control pain. You will be provided instructions on how to increase blood flow to your leg muscles, and help prevent swelling and blood clots. You may likely also be given blood thinners, and possibly advised to wear support shoes, or compression boots, which will provide further protection against swelling and clotting. A physical therapist, either at home or at a rehabilitation center, will show you how to exercise your new knee, and how to do breathing exercises and gradually increase your activity level. For the best and speediest recovery, it’s wise to follow all of the instructions you are provided regarding wound care, diet and exercise.
How will I know if I need knee replacement surgery?
To see if a knee replacement is right for you or not, your surgeon will assess your knee’s range of motion, stability, and strength. Taking into consideration your age, weight, activity level, knee size, shape, and your overall health, your doctor may have a variety of knee replacement prostheses and surgical techniques to choose from. Relief from severe pain caused by osteoarthritis is the most common reason for knee replacement surgery. Those who have problems walking, climbing stairs, and getting in and out of chairs may be good candidates for knee replacement surgery.
What is the Knee replacement recovery time and recuperation?
Most people can generally resume most daily activities, such as shopping and light housekeeping, three to six weeks after surgery. After around three weeks, driving is also possible, provided you can bend your knee far enough to sit in a car, have enough muscle strength to operate the brakes and accelerator, and as long as you’re no longer taking pain medications. The majority of people can take part in various low-impact activities, like walking, swimming, or biking after recovery. Activities such as jogging, skiing, and sports involving contact, or high impact, should be avoided. For most people, knee replacements can be expected to last more than 15 years At The Spine and Orthopedic Institute, St. Vincent Charity Medical Center, our highly skilled, and knowledgeable team of orthopedic surgeons and healthcare professionals take your orthopedic health and wellness seriously. We take great pride in providing our patients with a wide variety of services, from knee pain treatment to minimally invasive surgical procedures. To book an appointment, call our medical center, or visit our website for more information, or for directions. We serve patients from Medina OH, Middleburg Heights OH, Akron OH, Parma OH, and Wellington OH.