Scoliosis Treatment Questions and Answers
If you are dealing with scoliosis and not sure where to turn for treatment or have not had success with previous treatments, contact The Spine and Orthopedic Institute for help. Our experienced orthopedic surgeon is here to provide the best treatment plan for you and for your family. Call us or schedule an appointment online. We are conveniently located at 5020 Victor Drive Medina, OH 44256.
What Is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis is a sideways curvature in your spine that can occur most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by any of these conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis issues is unknown.
Most cases seen of scoliosis are mild, but some spine deformities continue to get more severe as children grow. Severe scoliosis can become disabling. Especially severe spinal curve can reduce the amount of space within the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly.
What are the 3 types of scoliosis?
There are three main categories into which the different forms of scoliosis fit:
Most types of scoliosis are idiopathic, which means that the cause is unknown, or that there is no single factor that contributes to the development of the disease.
Congenital forms of scoliosis typically result from a spinal defect present at birth which is congenital scoliosis and are therefore usually detected at an earlier age than idiopathic forms of scoliosis.
Scoliosis is spinal curvature that develops secondary to some kind of neurological or muscular disease, such as muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy. Neuromuscular type of scoliosis tends to progress much more quickly than others.
Within these three main categories, there are 7 types of scoliosis that can progress:
1. Congenital Scoliosis
It is fairly rare, and results from spinal abnormalities that may develop in the womb.
2. Early Onset Scoliosis
Most common age range with this is usually diagnosed during adolescence, when scoliosis is present, usually prior to the age of 10, is referred to as early onset scoliosis.
3. Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
Most common of all the forms, by the age of 10, spinal growth has started to slow; if the child has already developed a significant degree of spinal curvature by this point, the curve may continue to progress into adulthood.
4. Degenerative Scoliosis
Sideways curvature of the spine can develop slowly over time with degenerative scoliosis. One of the natural consequences of aging is degeneration of the joints and discs in the spine, which can help degenerative scoliosis.
5. Neuromuscular Scoliosis
Develops secondary to other various disorders of the spinal cord, brain, and muscular system. Spinal curvature occurs when the nerves and muscles are unable to maintain the proper alignment and balance of the spine and base.
6. Scheuermann’s Kyphosis
Forward rounding of the spine. Scoliosis most frequently affects the lower spine, or lumbar spine, while kyphosis usually affects the cervical spine and thoracic spine.
7. Syndromic Scoliosis
Form of scoliosis that develops secondary to some kind of syndrome is syndromic scoliosis.
What happens if scoliosis is left untreated?
If scoliosis goes untreated, there can be some complications and it can become worse and have serious long-term physical and emotional complications. Individuals with untreated scoliosis may also develop a condition called spondylosis which is an arthritic condition where the spinal cartilage begins to thin, joints become inflamed, and the bone spurs may develop.
Spondylosis can cause severe pain if the inflammation causes the vertebrae to press on the spinal nerves.
Not only that, but scoliosis can also have a significant emotional impact on the individual, especially young children and adolescents. Treatment can be done with braces and surgeries and can lead to social isolation and physical pain.
Children who may have scoliosis often have a greater incidence of behavioral problems if they don’t receive adequate emotional support before, during and after the treatment.
Which doctor to see for Scoliosis treatment?
Scoliosis treatment is led by experienced orthopedic surgeons at the Spine and Orthopedic Institute at St. Vincent Charity. We are located at 5020 Victor Drive Medina OH 44256 and available by appointment only from Monday to Friday. Call us or simply book an appointment online to talk to one of our top-rated experienced surgeons. We serve patients from Medina OH, Middleburg Heights OH, Akron OH, Parma OH, and Wellington OH.